Lubricant is an oil used to lubricate engines. Lubricants are a mixture of base oils and additives, or so-called commercial lubricants. Additive additives with the aim of helping commercial lubricants get properties that match the criteria set out that the original oil is not available.
150 years ago, even people did not have the concept of lubricants. All types of machinery were then lubricated with lard oil and then used olive oil. When olive oil is scarce, people switch to using other herbal oils. For example, to lubricate textile yarns, people use palm oil.
When the oil processing industry was born, the main product in oil processing factories was kerosene, the rest was mazut (accounting for 70-90%) not used and considered to be discarded. But when the oil industry developed, the amount of mazut deposits grew, forcing people to study to use it for beneficial purposes. At first, oil deposits were added to vegetable oil or lard with a low rate to produce lubricating oil, but it was soon known that petroleum deposits were used to produce lubricants.
In 1870 in Creem (Russia), at Xakhanxki factory began to produce oil-based lubricants, but of low quality. The famous Russian scientist D.I.Mendeleev is one of the first attention to the problem of using mazut to produce lubricants. In 1870 – 1871, Ragorzin built a small lubricant laboratory, and in 1876-1877, Ragorzin built in Balakhan the world’s first lubricant processing plant with a capacity of 100,000 put / year. The plant has produced four types of lubricants: spindles, machine oil, shaft oil for summer and winter wagons. Ragorzin lubricants were brought to the Paris International Exhibition in 1878 and attracted a lot of attention from the experts of the countries. As a result, in 1879, Ragorzin built in Conxtantinop the second factory to produce lubricants for export. It was Mendeleep himself who worked in the labs and workshops of this factory in 1880-1881. Under his direct guidance, many scientific foundations of the lubricant industry were built. and within the next few years, the lubricant industry has really developed and marked a turning point in the history of lubricant manufacturing.
The research works of the famous Russian scientist N.P.Petrop have created conditions for lubricants to be used more widely. In his writings, he raised the possibility of fully utilizing lubricants to replace vegetable oils and animal fats, and to outline lubrication principles. Along with continuous scientific advances, people have built modern vacuum distillation towers to replace the old distilleries, which is a strong development of the oil industry.
We are living in the era of science and technology, modern industry has been penetrating into every cave, alley in the world and internationalization trend, so economic life is also growing strongly. strong. All of the above characteristics of the era set a huge task for nations to build a modern oil industry that meets and satisfies the increasing needs of world economy.